5 марта 2017 г.

Sara Greenberg. Introducing substance-field,as a method for studying living systems.

 

Introducing substance-field,as a method for studying living systems.
 
Sara Greenberg
Faculty of Sciences, Holon Institute of Technology, Holon, Israel.
 
Analyzing living systems is difficult attributable to their following commonfeatures:
·         Open systems with inputs, throughputs and outputs of various sorts of matter-energy and information.
·         Maintain a steady state of negentropy.
·         Extremely complex.
·         Contain genetic materials with different levels of gene expression.
·         Composed of an aqueous suspension of macromolecules and organs.
·         Contain essential subsystem(s) which controls the entire system.
·         Their subsystems are integrated to form activities and self-regulation with purposes and goals.
·         Live and survive in a large verity of both extreme and non-extreme environments.
Introducing Su-Field standard problems format together with function analysis into the research plan of living systems:
·         Simplifies systems complexity by braking down living system into smaller units that are easier to study.
·         Reveals similarities across different species although they may not have many features in common.
·         Modeling problems can result in discovering a new substance or field combinations in nature that may have been overlooked or viewed as "missing data".
·         Advance our understanding of how process and structures operate by linking between all living system hierarchies: Molecules, cells, organs, organisms, group of organisms, and organization of societies to create a comprehensive map. The map will then represent the interactions both within the same hierarchy and across the different hierarchies of living systems.
·         Uncover emergent properties or nature laws otherwise discovered by chance.
 
Several examples are given in this paper to demonstrate the use of Su-Field as a method for studying living systems.